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    Reducing sugar (RS) quantification is essential in the potato industry because RS content plays a vital role in potato quality, acrylamide formation, post-harvest management, and new variety development. A miniaturized Somogyi-Nelson (SN) analysis can effectively and accurately quantify RS. However, soluble proteins in potatoes interfere with SN analysis. Our research goal was to develop an applicable deprotinization procedure without influencing the precision of the SN analysis. Results showed ethanol effectively removed potato proteins and, unlike other chemicals (salts, acids), ethanol did not affect SN accuracy. Protein removal also can be achieved by heating and pH adjustment, but the ethanol-based procedure provides a simpler alternative. RS content measured by the miniaturized SN assay after deproteinization by ethanol was precise and validated by HPAEC-PAD. Data from 118 potao juicies showed that a commonly used biochemical analyzer obtained a lower reducing sugar content than the deprotinization-SN assay because fructose was not identified by the biochemical analyzer. Results demonstrate the reliability of quantifying potato RS with the SN assay following the ethanol-based deproteinization. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

    Citation

    Rohollah Sadeghi, Fang Fang, Yijing Shao, Nora Olsen, Bin Du, Amy Hui-Mei Lin. Eliminating protein interference when quantifying potato reducing sugars with the miniaturized Somogyi-Nelson assay. Food chemistry. 2022 Mar 30;373(Pt B):131473

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    PMID: 34741968

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