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    The definition of the International Normalized Ratio (INR) depends on a reference measurement procedure for the prothrombin time (PT) determined with international standards for thromboplastins. The agreed water bath temperature for PT determination in the reference measurement procedure is 37°C. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of small deviations of the agreed reaction temperature on PT and INR determined with World Health Organization international standards for thromboplastins rTF/16 (recombinant human) and RBT/16 (rabbit brain). Prothrombin time was determined, with a manual hook technique, in glass test tubes in a water bath at a controlled temperature. The PT reaction temperatures were varied between 28 and 40°C. Pooled normal plasma and pooled coumarin plasma (INR ≈ 2.8) were used as test plasmas. The data were fitted to a quadratic relationship between PT and temperature. Prothrombin times with rTF/16 were shortened by increasing the reaction temperature up to approximately 39-40°C. PTs with RBT/16 were shortened by increasing the reaction temperature up to approximately 34-37°C, but were prolonged at higher temperatures. The apparent INR change of the coumarin plasma at 37.0°C was 0.06/°C and 0.11/°C for rTF/16 and RBT/16, respectively. Reaction temperature had a significant effect on PT and the apparent INR with the International Standards. At 37.0°C, the apparent INR of coumarin plasma determined with RBT/16 was more responsive to temperature change than the apparent INR determined with rTF/16. The required accuracy of the water bath temperature should be 37.0 ± 0.1°C. © 2021 The Authors. International Journal of Laboratory Hematology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


    Antonius M H P Van Den Besselaar, Christa M Cobbaert. Effect of the reaction temperature on the prothrombin time and the apparent International Normalized Ratio determined with International Standards for thromboplastins. International journal of laboratory hematology. 2022 Apr;44(2):379-384

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    PMID: 34747561

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