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    Nurses can facilitate opportunities for patients who feel shame to experience healing in their mental health. Disciplines such as psychology have extensive shame research, yet nursing may provide a unique perspective to bolster research on shame. The objective of this analysis is to examine the use of shame as a concept in nursing literature. This review was guided by Beth Rodgers' Evolutionary approach to concept analysis. Rodgers' approach entails investigating attributes, related terms, surrogate terms, antecedents, and consequences of shame; and examining the use of the concept shame over time to determine if its use changed. Sampled literature came from Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature Plus with Full Text, PubMed, Web of Science, and Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition. The final sample used for analysis included 334 sources published between 1993 and 2020. The use of shame did not change during these years. Attributes were negative sense of self, feeling worthless, and feeling vulnerable. There were no surrogate terms and three related terms: guilt, humiliation, and embarrassment. Antecedents were trauma, stigma, and perception of moral wrongdoing. Consequences included healthcare avoidance, social withdrawal or isolation, negative coping mechanisms, resilience, lifestyle changes, and healthy coping. There is a discrepancy between the conceptualization and use of shame in nursing and other disciplines. Other disciplines, such as psychology, provide more direction about how interpersonal interactions can elicit or alleviate feelings of shame. Nurses can apply this conceptualization in their clinical practice to support patients experiencing shame. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.


    Michael A Jaeb. Concept analysis of shame in nursing. International journal of mental health nursing. 2022 Apr;31(2):295-304

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    PMID: 34750954

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