Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Inflammation is a main mechanism for the pathogenesis and progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an important inflammatory mediator that is suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of DKD. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between IL-6 levels and progression of DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Materials an methods: IL-6 levels were measured at baseline and after 4 and 12 months in 70 patients included in a multi-center, randomized controlled clinical trial designed to compare the effect of RAS blockers in monotherapy to dual blockade for slowing the progression of DKD. The primary composite endpoint was > 50% increase in baseline serum creatinine, end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), or death. The median follow-up was 36 months, during which 27 patients (38.6%) reached the primary endpoint. Baseline IL-6 levels correlated with TNF-α, C-reactive protein, and PTH levels. Survival analysis showed that patients with the highest IL-6 levels (> 4.84 pg/mL) reached the primary endpoint faster than the other two groups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that baseline IL-6 levels > 4.84 pg/mL (HR 4.10, 95% CI 1.36 - 12.31) were a risk factor for reaching the primary endpoint adjusted for eGFR and proteinuria. Generalized linear mixed model analysis showed no effect on subsequent IL-6 levels either with RAS blockade monotherapy or dual blockade. These results suggest that treatment with RAS blockade does not influence IL-6 levels. IL-6 is independently associated with an increased risk for progression of DKD.


Beatriz Sanchez-Alamo, Amir Shabaka, Victoria Cachofeiro, Clara Cases-Corona, Gema Fernandez-Juarez, PRONEDI study investigators. Serum interleukin-6 levels predict kidney disease progression in diabetic nephropathy. Clinical nephrology. 2022 Jan;97(1):1-9

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 34753557

View Full Text