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    One of the most common causes of respiratory distress in newborns is transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). Salbutamol is often suggested to increase the rate of pulmonary fluid absorption in newborns with TTN. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of inhaled salbutamol in TTN management. This double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 52 newborns admitted to the neonatal ICU of Fatemieh Hospital of Hamadan, Iran. The newborns were randomly assigned to 2 groups of equal members: one group received 2 mL of nebulized sodium chloride concentration (control group), and the other group was treated with 0.1 mg/kg of salbutamol (treatment group). The clinical outcomes were then compared before and 0.5, 1, and 4 h after the intervention. The data were recorded in a checklist and then were statistically analyzed in SPSS 16: the significant level was decided to be P < .05. The comparison of TTN scores revealed a significant difference between the 2 groups 1 h (P = .005) and 4 h (P < .001 per Table 3) after the intervention. Moreover, the mean FIO2 1 h after the intervention was 53.3 ± 6.6 in the treatment group and 57.7 ± 7.5 in the control group (P = .02). The mean duration of respiratory support in the treatment and control groups was 2.4 ± 2.7 and 3.1 ± 0.8 d, respectively, (P = .002). The findings suggested no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups regarding the adverse effects, length of stay (LOS), duration of antibiotics intake, oral feeding resumption time, and maximum oral feeding time (P > .05 for all). The study results indicated that inhaled salbutamol significantly decreased the TTN clinical score, oxygen demands, and duration of respiratory support, whereas there was no significant difference between the groups in terms of LOS. Copyright © 2022 by Daedalus Enterprises.

    Citation

    Behnaz Basiri, Nishteman Sadeghi, Mohammad Kazem Sabzehei, Farzaneh Esna Ashari. Effects of Inhaled Salbutamol on Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn. Respiratory care. 2022 Apr;67(4):433-439

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    PMID: 34753814

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