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The Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) for non-genotoxic substances, a risk assessment tool to establish safe exposure levels for chemicals with insufficient toxicological data, is based on the 5th percentile of cumulated distributions of Point of Departures in a high amount of repeat-dose, developmental and reproductive toxicity studies, grouped by Cramer Classes. The lack of organosilicon compounds in this dataset has resulted in regulatory concerns over the applicability of the TTC concept for this chemistry. We collected publicly available, scientifically robust oral repeat-dose and DART studies for 71 organosilicon substances for inclusion in the existing TTC dataset, using criteria for evaluation of studies and derivation of points of departure analogous to the Munro and COSMOS TTC publications. The resulting 5th percentile of this dataset was 13-fold higher than the 5th percentile for Cramer Class III compounds reported by Munro (which is the default for silicon-containing substances). Both the existing TTC for Cramer Class III compounds from Munro (1.5 μg/kg bw/day) and the COSMOS TTC (2.3 μg/kg bw/day), recommended by the SCCS for cosmetics-related substances, provide a conservative and sufficiently protective approach for this class of chemistry. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Barbara G Schmitt, Elke Jensen, Michael C Laufersweiler, Jane L Rose. Threshold of Toxicological Concern: Extending the chemical space by inclusion of a highly curated dataset for organosilicon compounds. Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP. 2021 Dec;127:105074

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PMID: 34757112

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