Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • adult (1)
  • allele (1)
  • diagnosis (1)
  • euthyroid (1)
  • exon (1)
  • female (3)
  • function (5)
  • gene (5)
  • humans (1)
  • india (4)
  • patients (1)
  • propositus (1)
  • protein human (1)
  • serpina7 protein, human (1)
  • society (1)
  • TBG (17)
  • thyroid (5)
  • thyroid function tests (2)
  • x chromosome (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    This study presents a case of familial transmission of thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) deficiency. The SERPINA7-gene which codes for TBG is located on the X-chromosome (Xq21-22). More than 45 mutations have been reported to cause TBG- deficiency from various countries, but none from India so far. Genetic analysis of SERPINA7 gene was carried out to determine the cause of low TBG levels in one family. DNA samples of the propositus and the family members were subjected to Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) followed by direct sequencing. Allele-specific PCR and Next-gen sequencing (NGS) were employed to confirm the site of the mutation. Thyroid function tests were estimated by Radioimmunoassay (RIA) and Immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) kits. X-chromosomal inactivation status was analyzed in the female members harboring the mutation. A mutational screening in this family revealed a novel frame-shift mutation S353Q, 354fs3X in the exon 4 of the SERPINA7 gene which will be referred to as TBG-complete deficiency-India (TBG-CD-Ind). One out of four female family members harboring the mutation showed selective X-chromosomal inactivation. The affected family members were clinically euthyroid initially, showed changes in the thyroid function when tested after a long time span. However, the changes in the thyroid function in the affected family members had an autoimmune etiology. This study presents the first report of TBG-CD from India wherein a novel frameshift mutation referred to as TBG-CD-Ind (S353Q, 354fs3X) in the SERPINA7 gene was detected. No apparent association was identified between thyroid function and the TBG-mutation in the affected subjects. A detailed biochemical and genomic testing to determine the exact cause of discordant TFT in the patients would certainly aid in the unequivocal diagnosis of the thyroid function and for the precise individualized treatment. © 2021. Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE).


    S Gawandi, K Jothivel, S Kulkarni. Identification of a novel mutation in thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) gene associated with TBG-deficiency and its effect on the thyroid function. Journal of endocrinological investigation. 2022 Apr;45(4):731-739

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 34761328

    View Full Text