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    Although inflammation and fibrosis, which are key mechanisms of chronic kidney disease, are associated with mitochondrial damage, little is known about the effects of mitochondrial damage on the collecting duct in renal inflammation and fibrosis. To generate collecting duct-specific mitochondrial injury mouse models, CR6-interacting factor-1 (CRIF1) flox/flox mice were bred with Hoxb7-Cre mice. We evaluated the phenotype of these mice. To evaluate the effects on unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced renal injury, we divided the mice into the following four groups: a CRIF1flox/flox (wild-type (WT)) group, a CRIF1flox/flox-Hob7 Cre (CRIF1-KO) group, a WT-UUO group, and a CRIF1-KO UUO group. We evaluated the blood and urine chemistries, inflammatory and fibrosis markers, light microscopy, and electron microscopy of the kidneys. The inhibition of Crif1 mRNA in mIMCD cells reduced oxygen consumption and membrane potential. No significant differences in blood and urine chemistries were observed between WT and CRIF1-KO mice. In UUO mice, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and osteopontin expression, number of F4/80 positive cells, transforming growth factor-β and α-smooth muscle actin staining, and Masson's trichrome staining were significantly higher in the kidneys of CRIF1-KO mice compared with the kidneys of WT mice. In sham mice, urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHDG) was higher in CRIF1-KO mice than in WT mice. Moreover, CRIF1-KO sham mice had increased 8-OHDG-positive cell recruitment compared with WT-sham mice. CRIF1-KO-UUO kidneys had increased recruitment of 8-OHDG-positive cells compared with WT-UUO kidneys. In conclusion, collecting duct-specific mitochondrial injury increased oxidative stress. Oxidative stress associated with mitochondrial damage may aggravate UUO-induced renal injury.

    Citation

    Jin Young Jeong, Ki Ryang Na, Jin Ah Shin, Kwang-Sun Suh, Jwa-Jin Kim, Kang Wook Lee, Dae Eun Choi. Collecting Duct-Specific CR6-Interacting Factor-1-Deletion Aggravates Renal Inflammation and Fibrosis Induced by Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction. International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Oct 28;22(21)

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    PMID: 34769136

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