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    The oral bioavailability and efficacy of baicalein is dramatically limited by its low solubility and effect of efflux. In our study, we chose PVP-VA64 as a carrier and TPGS as a plasticizer and efflux inhibitor to prepare a solid dispersion of baicalein using hot-melt extrusion technology to improve its solubility and bioavailability. The hot-melt process and formulation were optimized, and a BAC-PVP VA64-TPGS solid dispersion (BPT-SD) was prepared. BAC exists in an amorphous or molecular state in BPT-SD. BPT-SD comprised irregular lumps and small particles without BAC or carrier characteristics. The dissolution efficiency of BPT-SD improved under sink conditions. FTIR showed a strong hydrogen bond between BAC and PVP-VA64 in BPT-SD. BPT-SD maintained good physical stability for 6 months. The apparent permeability coefficient of BAC in the Caco-2 cell model confirmed that BPT-SD had higher gastrointestinal membrane permeability. A rat pharmacokinetic study showed that BPT-SD had higher Cmax and AUC0-24h, shorter Tmax, and 2.88-fold higher bioavailability than BAC. A behavioral experiment in chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) mice confirmed the antidepressant efficacy of BAC. BPT-SD reversed depression-like behavior in CUMS mice and improved BAC bioavailability. BAC preparation into a solid dispersion significantly enhanced dissolution performance and bioavailability. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Meng Tong, Xiaoyan Wu, Shuya Zhang, Di Hua, Shukun Li, Xiangyu Yu, Jing Wang, Zhenhai Zhang. Application of TPGS as an efflux inhibitor and a plasticizer in baicalein solid dispersion. European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2022 Jan 01;168:106071

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    PMID: 34774716

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