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    This study examined the growth characteristics and competitive interaction of two cyanobacteria, Phormidium autumnale GJ_2B_I1 and Nostoc sp. DS_2B_I1, which were newly isolated from a southeast river (Nakdong) during the cyanobacterial harmful algal bloom (CyanoHAB) season in Korea. As major environmental parameters, water temperature (25 and 30 °C) and alkalinity (19-78 mg CaCO3 L-1 ) and nitrate concentration (1.5-3.5 mg NO3 -N L-1 ) were selected based on the water environmental monitoring data during the CyanoHAB season. Unlike P. autumnale, Nostoc sp. has a relatively high growth rate under both monoculture and co-culture and prefers the maximum environmental conditions (30 °C and 78 mg CaCO3 L-1 ; pH 9) during the CyanoHAB season. In addition, the growth of P. autumnale is relatively unaffected by alkalinity. Nitrogen (N) stress also has a limiting effect in the interspecific interactions of both cyanobacterial strains. All other cases except for Nostoc sp. in a co-culture showed a considerable increase in growth rate with increasing N content (1.5-3.5 mg NO3 -N L-1 ), showing 20-64% under the minimum field conditions (25 °C and 19 mg CaCO3 L-1 ; pH 7) and 18-140% under the maximum field conditions. The results show that the growth of P. autumnale can be stimulated by enhanced N stress. On the other hand, Nostoc sp. is less affected by N stress compared with P. autumnale. Therefore, it has excellent potential to be a major group of CyanoHABs because of their relatively high growth rate, particularly in the range of N tested. © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Environmental Quality © 2021 American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America.


    Seema Yadav, Giridhar Babu Anam, Young-Ho Ahn. Comparative growth characteristics and interspecific competitive interaction of two cyanobacteria, Phormidium autumnale and Nostoc sp. . Journal of environmental quality. 2022 Jan;51(1):78-89

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    PMID: 34786721

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