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Lactobacillus paragasseri was identified as a novel sister taxon of L. gasseri in 2018. Since the reclassification of L. paragasseri, there has been hardly any report describing the probiotic properties of this species. In this study, an L. paragasseri strain UBLG-36 was sequenced and analyzed to determine the molecular basis that may confer the bacteria with probiotic potential. UBLG-36 was previously documented as an L. gasseri strain. Average nucleotide identity and phylogenomic analysis allowed accurate taxonomic identification of UBLG-36 as an L. paragasseri strain. Analysis of the draft genome (~1.94 Mb) showed that UBLG-36 contains 5 contigs with an average G+C content of 34.85%. Genes essential for the biosynthesis of bacteriocins, adhesion to host epithelium, stress resistance, host immunomodulation, defense, and carbohydrate metabolism were identified in the genome. Interestingly, L. paragasseri UBLG-36 also harbored genes that code for enzymes involved in oxalate catabolism, such as formyl coenzyme A transferase (frc) and oxalyl coenzyme A decarboxylase (oxc). In vitro oxalate degradation assay showed that UBLG-36 is highly effective in degrading oxalate (averaging more than 45% degradation), a feature that has not been reported before. As a recently identified bacterium, there are limited genomic reports on L. paragasseri, and our draft genome sequence analysis is the first to describe and emphasize the probiotic potential and oxalate degrading ability of this species. With results supporting the probiotic functionalities and oxalate catabolism of UBLG-36, we propose that this strain is likely to have immense biotechnological applications upon appropriate characterization.


Yogita Mehra, Pragasam Viswanathan. High-quality whole-genome sequence analysis of Lactobacillus paragasseri UBLG-36 reveals oxalate-degrading potential of the strain. PloS one. 2021;16(11):e0260116

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PMID: 34797858

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