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The eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging manual's TNM staging classification for gastric neuroendocrine tumors has been shown to have poor prognostic discriminability. The aim of present study was to propose a modified T-stage classification, and externally validate its performance in a separate population data registry. A modified T-stage classification with tumor size and extent of tumor invasion was generated from the National Cancer Database between 2004 and 2014 (n = 1249). External validation was performed using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry between 1973 and 2013 (n = 539). In the National Cancer Database population, using the AJCC T-stage classification, the 5-y survival rates were 85.7%, 80.8%, 64.5%, and 46.1% in T1, T2, T3, and T4 patients respectively (P < 0.001). These rates were more contrasting with the modified T-stage (mT) classification at 87.0%, 78.2%, 59.0%, and 40.3% respectively (P < 0.001). When patients within each of the AJCC T stages were stratified by mT stages, significant survival heterogeneity was observed within each of the AJCC T2 to T4 stages (P < 0.01). Conversely, when mT stages were stratified by AJCC T stage, no survival difference was observed in any of the mT stages (P > 0.05). The same analyses were performed using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data, and all the observed results were validated. The current AJCC T stage classification categorizes patients into groups with heterogenous prognosis, thus failing to serve as an effective staging tool. A modified T-stage classification demonstrated significantly improved stratification for patients with gastric neuroendocrine tumors. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Tingsong Yang, Zhi Ven Fong, Linda Pak, Shengnan J Wang, Jia Wei, Jiping Wang. A Modified T-Stage Classification for Gastric Neuroendocrine Tumors. The Journal of surgical research. 2022 Feb;270:486-494

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PMID: 34800795

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