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Prior to this study, we discovered a protein characterized by many different amino acid sequences with the same number of amino acid residues. This turned out to be a unique cytochrome b, in which 1048 molecules out of 1689 contain 379 amino acid residues. A detailed study of the occurrence of this protein in living organisms at different taxonomic levels (from biological domains to biological orders of animals) has been carried out in the work presented here. We found that the main part of all b cytochromes is present in eukaryotes (99.2%), in biological kingdoms (95.9% in animals), in biological phylums (97.5% in chordates), and in biological classes (79.7% in mammals). Withal, this protein, containing 379 amino acid residues and characterized by many different amino acid sequences, is found only in eukaryotes (100%), only in animals (100%) and mainly in mammals (81.1%). Thus, a representative that has cytochrome b with a corresponding number of amino acid residues has not yet been identified among archaea and prokaryotes, while it is common in representatives of different biological types, classes, and orders of animals. It is believed that the structural diversity of a given protein within the same length and its one function of participation in the process of electron transfer relate to the physicochemical features of the extra- and intramembrane fragments of the polypeptide chain of this protein. Copyright © 2021 Alexander A. Zamyatnin et al.

Citation

Alexander A Zamyatnin, Tatiana A Belozerskaya, Andrey A Zamyatnin. Taxonomy of Mitochondrial Cytochrome B Proteins of the Same Amino Acid Sequence Length. TheScientificWorldJournal. 2021;2021:1041818

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PMID: 34803523

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