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To investigate the association between hypothyroxinemia and the risk of preeclampsia-eclampsia and gestational hypertension. Historical cohort study. The study included pregnant individuals who delivered live-born singletons and had at least one thyroid function assessment during pregnancy at a tertiary hospital. Hypothyroxinemia was defined as thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels within the normal reference range and free thyroxine (FT4) levels lower than the tenth percentile. Risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for preeclampsia-eclampsia and gestational hypertension between women with and without a diagnosis of hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy were estimated using a generalized estimating equation model. A total of 59,463 women with live-born singletons were included in the analysis. Logistic regression models with restricted cubic spline suggested that there was a U-shaped association between FT4 levels and preeclampsia-eclampsia risk. Compared with euthyroid women, those with hypothyroxinemia had an increased risk of preeclampsia-eclampsia (RR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.02-1.31), and the risk increased with the increasing severity of hypothyroxinemia (p for trend < 0.001). Moreover, persistent hypothyroxinemia from the first to second trimesters was associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia-eclampsia (RR = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.03-1.83), especially for women with severe hypothyroxinemia (RR = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.12-2.58). In contrast, there was no association between hypothyroxinemia and gestational hypertension. Our study suggested that hypothyroxinemia was only associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia-eclampsia, especially in women with persistent hypothyroxinemia in the first half of pregnancy. Analyses of the associated risk of gestational hypertension with hypothyroxinemia were not significant. Copyright © 2021 Su, Liu, Li, Liu, Huang, Duan and Du.


Xiujuan Su, Yang Liu, Guohua Li, Xiaosong Liu, Shijia Huang, Tao Duan, Qiaoling Du. Associations of Hypothyroxinemia With Risk of Preeclampsia-Eclampsia and Gestational Hypertension. Frontiers in endocrinology. 2021;12:777152

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PMID: 34803932

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