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    Wear and increased surface roughness are among the reasons for failure of posterior composite restorations. Considering the widespread use of bulk-fill composites in the posterior region, information about their wear resistance is imperative. The aim of this study was to compare the wear and surface roughness of four bulk-fill composite resins with a conventional composite. Thirty composite discs (4 mm × 10 mm) were fabricated from EverX Posterior (GC), X-tra fil (Voco), Filtek Bulk-Fill Posterior (3M, USA), SonicFill 2 (Kerr), and Z250 (3M) composites. The baseline weight and surface roughness of specimens were measured. For the assessment of the attrition wear, the specimens were placed in a chewing simulator (Mechatronik). pH cycling was performed to erode the composite discs. They were then placed in a tooth brushing simulator machine (Dorsa) for abrasion wear. Finally, the weight and surface roughness of the specimens were measured. Data were compared using one-way ANOVA (alpha ≤ 0.05). One-way ANOVA showed that the mean weight changes were significant after attrition, abrasion, and erosion (P = 0.019), but changes in surface roughness were not significant (P ≥ 0.05). The results of Tukey's test showed no significant difference between the bulk-fill composites and Z250 regarding weight loss (P ≥ 0.05), but the weight loss of X-tra fil was significantly greater than that of EverX (P = 0.007) and Filtek Bulk-Fill (P = 0.005). Considering the limitations of this study, it appears that the wear and surface roughness of bulk-fill composites are within the acceptable range and are not different from those of a conventional composite. Copyright © 2021 Faeze Asadian et al.


    Faeze Asadian, Zahra Shahidi, Zohreh Moradi. Evaluation of Wear Properties of Four Bulk-Fill Composites: Attrition, Erosion, and Abrasion. BioMed research international. 2021;2021:8649616

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    PMID: 34805405

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