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    The influence of cardioprotective foods on nontraditional indexes related to dysglycemia and body fat distribution is unknown in individuals with coronary artery disease (CAD). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a healthy diet supplemented with pecan nuts or extra-virgin olive oil on glycemic profile and adipose tissue dysfunction assessed by anthropometric indexes in patients with stable CAD. In a randomized, pragmatic, parallel clinical trial lasting 12 weeks, 204 individuals were allocated to three interventions: a healthy diet (control group [CG], n = 67), a healthy diet plus 30 g/day of pecan nuts (pecan nut group [PNG], n = 68), or a healthy diet plus 30 mL/day of extra-virgin olive oil (olive oil group [OOG], n = 69). Triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index (primary outcome) and other markers of glycemic profile were evaluated, and nontraditional anthropometric indexes as well. Diet quality was assessed according to the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (mAHEI). After adjustment for baseline values, use of antidiabetic drugs and insulin, there were no differences in both glycemic and anthropometric profiles according to groups at the end of the study. PNG improved the quality of the diet in comparison to other groups (final mAHEI scores: CG: 19 ± 7.5; PNG: 26 ± 8; OOG: 18.9 ± 6; P < 0.001). There was no difference regarding glycemic and anthropometric parameters according to interventions in patients with stable CAD. However, adding pecan nuts to a healthy diet may improve its quality. Further studies must be conducted considering dietary interventions on secondary cardiovascular prevention setting. NCT02202265. First Posted: July 2014; Last Update: September 2020. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

    Citation

    Júlia L Dos Santos, Vera L Portal, Melissa M Markoski, Alexandre S de Quadros, Ângela Bersch-Ferreira, Aline Marcadenti. Effect of pecan nuts and extra-virgin olive oil on glycemic profile and nontraditional anthropometric indexes in patients with coronary artery disease: a randomized clinical trial. European journal of clinical nutrition. 2022 Jun;76(6):827-834

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    PMID: 34811509

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