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Elaeagnus angustifolia var. orientalis (L.)Kuntze fruit contains a large number of naturally occurring molecules present as glycoside, methylated, and methyl ester conjugates, which should be hydolysed or transformed to become bioactive forms. For this purpose, Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN-3 was selected to ferment Elaeagnus angustifolia var. orientalis (L.)Kuntze fruit juice (EOJ). After fermentation, the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant capacity of the EOJ increased significantly compared to the non-fermented EOJ. Using widely-targeted metabolomics analysis, polyphenolic compounds involved in the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway were determined to be up-regulated in the fermented EOJ. In addition, the metabolites generated by 8 deglycosidation, 5 demethylation, 5 hydrogenation, and 28 other reactions were detected in higher concentrations in the fermented EOJ compared to the non-fermented EOJ. Interestingly, these up-regulated metabolites have higher antioxidant and other biological activities than their metabolic precursors, which provide a theoretical basis for the development of Bifidobacterium-fermented plant products with stronger functional activities. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Yixuan Wang, Hui Li, Xiaozhen Li, Chenxi Wang, Qianhong Li, Meng Xu, Xiangluo Guan, Zhenghui Lan, Yongqing Ni, Yan Zhang. Widely targeted metabolomics analysis of enriched secondary metabolites and determination of their corresponding antioxidant activities in Elaeagnus angustifolia var. orientalis (L.)Kuntze fruit juice enhanced by Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. Lactis HN-3 fermentation. Food chemistry. 2022 Apr 16;374:131568

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PMID: 34815112

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