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Viral diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) represent a major global health concern. Difficulties in treating these diseases are caused mainly by the biological tissues and barriers, which hinder the transport of drugs into the CNS. To counter this, a nanobody-mediated virus-targeting drug delivery platform (SWCNTs-P-A-Nb) is constructed for CNS viral disease therapy. Viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER), caused by nervous necrosis virus (NNV), is employed as a disease model. SWCNTs-P-A-Nb is successfully constructed by employing single-walled carbon nanotubes, amantadine, and NNV-specific nanobody (NNV-Nb) as the nanocarrier, anti-NNV drug, and targeting ligand, respectively. Results showed that SWCNTs-P-A-Nb has a good NNV-targeting ability in vitro and in vivo, improving the specific distribution of amantadine in NNV-infected sites under the guidance of NNV-Nb. SWCNTs-P-F-A-Nb can pass through the muscle and gill and be excreted by the kidney. SWCNTs-P-A-Nb can transport amantadine in a fast manner and prolong the action time, improving the anti-NNV activity of amantadine. Results so far have indicated that the nanobody-mediated NNV-targeting drug delivery platform is an effective method for VER therapy, providing new ideas and technologies for control of the CNS viral diseases. IMPORTANCE CNS viral diseases have resulted in many deadly epidemics throughout history and continue to pose one of the greatest threats to public health. Drug therapy remains challenging due to the complex structure and relative impermeability of the biological tissues and barriers. Therefore, development in the intelligent drug delivery platform is highly desired for CNS viral disease therapy. In the study, a nanobody-mediated virus-targeting drug delivery platform is constructed to explore the potential application of targeted therapy in CNS viral diseases. Our findings hold great promise for the application of targeted drug delivery in CNS viral disease therapy.


Song Zhu, Fei Luo, Bin Zhu, Fei Ling, Er-Long Wang, Tian-Qiang Liu, Gao-Xue Wang. A Nanobody-Mediated Virus-Targeting Drug Delivery Platform for the Central Nervous System Viral Disease Therapy. Microbiology spectrum. 2021 Dec 22;9(3):e0148721

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PMID: 34817277

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