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Mycobacterium tuberculosis Nei2 (Rv3297) is a BER glycosylase that removes oxidized base lesions from ssDNA and replication fork-mimicking substrates. We show that Endonuclease VIII 2 (Nei2) forms a BER complex with the β-clamp (DnaN, Rv0002) with a KD of 170 nM. The Nei2-β-clamp interactions enhance Nei2's activities up to several folds. SEC analysis shows that one molecule of Nei2 binds to a single β-clamp dimer. Nei2 interacts with subsites I and II of the β-clamp via a noncanonical 223 QGCRRCGTLIAY239 Clamp Interacting Protein (CIP) motif in the C-terminal zinc-finger domain, which was previously shown by us to be dispensable for intrinsic Nei2 activity. The 12-mer peptide alone exhibited a KD of 10.28 nM, suggesting that the motif is a key mediator of Nei2-β-clamp interactions. Finally, we identified inhibitors of Nei2-β-clamp interactions using rational methods, in vitro disruption, and SPR assays after querying a database of natural products. We found that Tubulosine, Fumitremorgin C, Toyocamycin, and Aleuritic acid exhibit IC50 values of 94.47, 83.49, 109.7, and 71.49 µM, respectively. They act by disrupting Nei2-β-clamp interactions and do not affect intrinsic Nei2 activity. Among other things, the present study gives insights into the role of Nei2 in bacterial prereplicative BER. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Kiran Lata, Jyoti Vishwakarma, Sanjay Kumar, Taran Khanam, Ravishankar Ramachandran. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Endonuclease VIII 2 (Nei2) forms a prereplicative BER complex with DnaN: Identification, characterization, and disruption of complex formation. Molecular microbiology. 2022 Feb;117(2):320-333

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PMID: 34820919

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