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Based on previous reports,toll-like receptors (TLRs) are recognition molecules common in various aquatic animals and play a vital role in innate immunity. In this study, a novel TLR CgToll-3 with leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) and a TIR (Toll-interleukin 1-resistance) domain was cloned in Crassostrea gigas. CgToll-3 with sixteen potential extracellular N-linked glycosylation sites and shares the closest phylogenic relationship with molluscan TLRs. Alignment of LRRs and TIR domains indicated that CgToll-3 was highly conserved compared to other LRRs of mollusks which could respond against Vibrio or other bacterial molecules, and contained three conserved functionally important motifs (Box 1, Box 2, and Box 3). The Hex Molecular Docking result showed that CgToll-3 could interact with CgMyd88 via the TIR domain. Subcellular Co-localization and BiFC Assay confirmed this interaction, and they could induce NF-κB activation. CgToll-3 was moderately expressed in the digestive gland, and its expression level was significantly up-regulated after Vibrio alginolyticus challenge. Taken together, CgToll-3 might be involved in the innate immune response to V. alginolyticus for C. gigas through a MyD88-dependent TLR mediated signaling pathway. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Honglin Chen, Xiaohui Cai, Ruixue Li, Yijing Wu, Hangna Qiu, Jia Zheng, Donglin Zhou, Jing Fang, Xinzhong Wu. A novel toll-like receptor from Crassostrea gigas is involved in innate immune response to Vibrio alginolyticus. Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases. 2022 Jan;97:105159

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PMID: 34839024

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