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The widespread use of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) resulted in its deposition in environmental media and biological matrices. However, to date, few studies focused on the effect of BDE-209 on microorganisms, and those available were investigated via an enclosed system completely cutting off the communication between testing system and its native environment. Herein, 4.0 mg/g BDE-209 acute exposure induced a 20% decline of NOX-N (the sum of NO3--N and NO2--N) removal efficiency and a significant accumulation of NO2--N and N2O. These inhibitory effects presented in a BDE-209 concentration-dependent manner. Using a semi-continuous microcosm, the inhibitory effects of BDE-209 on denitrification were observed to be significantly enhanced with the extending of exposure duration. Denitrifying genes assay illustrated that BDE-209 has an insignificant effect on the global abundance of denitrifying bacteria because of microbial exchange with its overlying water. But the utilization of electron donor (carbon substrate), the activity of electron transport system and denitrifying enzymes were significantly inhibited by BDE-209 exposure in a exposure-duration-dependent manner. Finally, insufficient electron donor and lower efficiency of electron transport and utilization on denitrifying enzymes deteriorated the denitrification performance. These results provided a new insight into BDE-209 influence on denitrification in the natural environment. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Rui Wan, Xiaoxiao Li, Yunyi Zha, Xiong Zheng, Haining Huang, Minghui Li. Short- and long-term effects of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) on sediment denitrification using a semi-continuous microcosm. Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987). 2022 Jan 15;293:118589

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PMID: 34843852

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