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Proteus vulgaris is a rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium known to be the member of Enterobacteriaceae that is able to cause disease in human being. Generally, non-protein-coding RNAs (npcRNAs) do not code for proteins, but they play a vital role in gene regulation at the RNA level including pathogenicity. The present study aims at elucidating homologous npcRNAs from other bacteria in Proteus vulgaris. A comparative genomic analysis was carried out to identify npcRNA homolog of other Enterobacteriaceae pathogens in Proteus vulgaris. A total of 231 npcRNAs previously reported in Salmonella typhi, Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli were screened using BLASTn tool against Proteus vulgaris genome. Interestingly, 33 npcRNAs are homologs to Proteus vulgaris. Northern blot analysis of 6 out of 33 npcRNA candidates confirmed their expression and showed that most of them are differentially expressed during lag, exponential and stationary growth phases. This study is the first approach of identification and characterization of npcRNAs in P. vulgaris. Hence, this could be a pioneer study to further validate the regulatory functions of these npcRNAs to fill the gaps in understanding of the pathogenicity of P. vulgaris.


Selvaraju Kishanraj, Samuggam Sumitha, Thean-Hock Tang, Marimuthu Citartan, Suresh V Chinni. Comparative genomic identification and characterization of npcRNA homologs in Proteus vulgaris. Journal of biosciences. 2021;46

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PMID: 34845992

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