Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • behavior (1)
  • clopidogrel (11)
  • emulsions (2)
  • tablet (1)
  • thrombosis (3)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Due to the superior safety and therapeutic efficacy, clopidogrel (CLP) has been widely used to prevent postoperative thrombosis. However, limitations of delayed absorption and metabolic activation of clopidogrel after oral administration hinder its clinic use for acute thrombosis treatment in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Although clopidogrel aqueous injection systems were designed and developed, chemical instability under physiological condition or vascular irritation remains to be solved. In this study, we aim to prepare an injectable clopidogrel loaded submicron emulsion to overcome the drawbacks of conventional clopidogrel aqueous formulation and improve the antiplatelet aggregation effects. Results showed that this delivery system exerted inspiring features including uniform particle size, higher drug loading capacity and sustained drug release behavior. It can dramatically upgrade the formulation stability and prevent the drug degradation under sterilization or higher pH environments. No remarkable droplet size increase or drug content decrease was observed during storage. Compared to CLP tablet, the peak drug concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve (AUC) of CLP emulsion increased by 12.01-fold and 4.69-fold, respectively. Most importantly, it exerted excellent in vivo anti-thrombotic effect on numerous designed animal models. Conclusively, submicron emulsion is a promising delivery system for improving clopidogrel stability and anti-thrombotic efficacy. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Xuehong Chen, Wanye Zhu, Huan Liu, Fengjian Deng, Wanting Wang, Linghao Qin. Preparation of injectable clopidogrel loaded submicron emulsion for enhancing physicochemical stability and anti-thrombotic efficacy. International journal of pharmaceutics. 2022 Jan 05;611:121323

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 34848363

    View Full Text