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Fibronectin type-II (FnII) family proteins are the major proteins in many mammalian species including bull, horse and pig. In the present study, a major FnII protein has been identified and isolated from donkey (Equus hemionus) seminal plasma, which we refer to as Donkey Seminal Plasma protein-1 (DSP-1). The amino acid sequence determined by mass spectrometry and computational modeling studies revealed that DSP-1 is homologous to other mammalian seminal plasma proteins, including bovine PDC-109 (also known as BSP-A1/A2) and equine HSP-1/2. High-resolution LC-MS analysis indicated that the protein is heterogeneously glycosylated and also contains multiple acetylations, occurring in the attached glycans. Structural and thermal stability studies on DSP-1 employing CD spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry showed that the protein unfolds at ~43 °C and binding to phosphorylcholine (PrC) - the head group moiety of choline phospholipids - increases its thermal stability. Intrinsic fluorescence titrations revealed that DSP-1 recognizes lyso-phosphatidylcholine with over 100-fold higher affinity than PrC. Further, interaction of DSP-1 with erythrocytes, a model cell membrane, revealed that DSP-1 binding is mediated by a specific interaction with choline phospholipids and results in membrane perturbation, suggesting that binding of this protein to sperm plasma membrane could be physiologically significant. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Sk Alim, Sudheer K Cheppali, Mikko Laitaoja, Thirumala Rao Talluri, Janne Jänis, Musti J Swamy. Purification, molecular characterization and ligand binding properties of the major donkey seminal plasma protein DSP-1. International journal of biological macromolecules. 2022 Jan 01;194:213-222

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PMID: 34863837

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