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    Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in cardiac myocytes. However, the precise mechanism remains uncertain. We identified an apoptosis-inducing humoral factor, in a conditioned medium from cardiac myocytes subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation, to be 69th tyrosine-sulfated eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A). We named this novel secreted form of eIF5A, Oxidative stress-Responsive Apoptosis Inducing Protein (ORAIP). We confirmed that ischemia/reperfusion, ultraviolet-irradiation, and ionizing radiation significantly increased plasma levels of ORAIP in vivo, supporting that secretion of ORAIP is specific to the oxidative stress. To investigate the role of ORAIP in doxorubicin-induced apoptosis of cardiac myocytes. We analyzed plasma levels of ORAIP in rats treated with doxorubicin (10 mg/Kg) in vivo, and the effects of neutralizing anti-ORAIP monoclonal antibody (mAb) on doxorubicin-induced apoptosis of cardiac myocytes in vitro. The (mean ± SE) plasma ORAIP levels before doxorubicin administration were (13.7 ± 2.7) ng/mL, they markedly increased with peak levels ([178.6 ± 6.5] ng/mL, p < 0.00001, vs. before administration) at 20 to 60 min after doxorubicin administration, then gradually decreased to (118.0 ± 4.8) ng/mL at 120 min. Treatment with a neutralizing anti-ORAIP mAb significantly (nearly 50%) suppressed doxorubicin-induced apoptosis of cardiac myocytes. These data indicate that doxorubicin induces oxidative stress resulting in the strong expression of ORAIP in cardiac myocytes and marked secretion of ORAIP into peripheral circulation. This strongly suggests that ORAIP can be a novel sensitive biomarker as well as a possible therapeutic target for doxorubicin-induced cell injury in anti-cancer therapy. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Takako Yao, Tsutomu Fujimura, Kimie Murayama, Ko Okumura, Yoshinori Seko. Oxidative stress-responsive apoptosis inducing protein (ORAIP) plays a critical role in doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in rat cardiac myocytes. International journal of cardiology. 2022 Feb 01;348:119-124

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    PMID: 34864083

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