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    We aimed to evaluate the effects of hemoglobin (Hb) variants prevalent in China on HbA1c measurements and to identify them during HbA1c measurements. We evaluated a cation-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method (Bio-Rad D-100), a capillary electrophoresis (CE) method (Capillarys 3 TERA), an immunoassay (Cobas c501), and a boronate affinity method (Premier Hb9210, as a comparative method) for HbA1c measurements in the presence of Hb variants prevalent in China. The Bio-Rad D-100 and Capillarys 3 TERA gave specific retention times and numeric migration positions for each Hb variant, respectively, showing excellent interindividual reproducibility. All methods showed statistically significant differences (P < .01) for several variants. Clinically significant effects were observed for the Bio-Rad D-100 (Hb New York and Hb J-Bangkok), Capillarys 3 TERA (Hb New York and Hb J-Bangkok), and Cobas c501 (Hb New York). Among 297 samples with Hb variants, there were 75 (25.3%) unacceptable results for Bio-Rad D-100, 28 (9.4%) for Capillarys 3 TERA, and 19 (6.4%) for Cobas c501 compared with the results from Premier Hb9210. Some Hb variants prevalent in China affect HbA1c measurements. The HPLC retention time and CE migration position can aid in the presumptive identification of Hb variants. © American Society for Clinical Pathology, 2021. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:


    Anping Xu, Weidong Chen, Miao Xu, Weijie Xie, Ling Ji. Identification of Hemoglobin Variants Prevalent in China and Their Effects on Hemoglobin A1c Measurements. American journal of clinical pathology. 2022 Jun 07;157(6):852-857

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    PMID: 34871348

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