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Lumbar intervertebral degenerative disc disease (IDD) is a multifaceted progressive condition that commonly occurs in conjunction with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). CXCL10 mRNA appears to be increased in both IDD and LHD. This study was performed to identify the relationship between serum CXCL10 levels and disease severity in patients with IDD. 136 IDD patients with low back pain, 127 asymptomatic volunteers and 120 healthy controls were enrolled. Serum CXCL10 protein concentrations were detected using commercial human CXCL10 ELISA Kits. Serum CXCL10 mRNA were examined using qRT-PCR. Clinical severity was assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) scores. Radiographic severity was defined using the MRI-based Pfirrmann classification of disc degeneration. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used in estimating the correlation between CXCL10 and Pfirrmann grade. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM) and psoas major (PM) were calculated, and fat infiltration was evaluated by Ropponen-Kjaer criteria. Serum CXCL10 concentrations were markedly raised in IDD patients with low back pain in contrast to asymptomatic individuals and healthy controls. Serum CXCL10 levels were positively associated with Pfirrmann grade. ROC curve analysis indicated that serum CXCL10 correlated well with Pfirrmann grade. In addition, serum CXCL10 concentrations were significantly higher in IDD patients with LMM and PM degeneration compared with IDD patients without degeneration. Increased CXCL10 levels positively correlated with VAS and ODI scores, as well as decreased CSA and fat filtration of the LMM and PM. Increased serum CXCL10 levels correspond to clinical severity and radiographic progression in IDD patients. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Jia-En Yang, Ke-Hong Zhao, Yun Qu, Yu-Cong Zou. Increased serum CXCL10 levels are associated with clinical severity and radiographic progression in patients with lumbar disc degeneration. Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry. 2022 Jan 15;525:15-22

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PMID: 34902344

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