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Circadian locomotor output cycles kaput protein (CLOCK) plays a crucial role in glucose homeostasis and controlling insulin secretion. However, the mechanism of the CLOCK regulating rhythmic insulin secretion has not been fully understood. Rhythmic expression of the CLOCK in rat pancreatic beta cell was detected. INS-1 cells were transfected with siRNAs to knockdown the CLOCK before the cells were incubated with different concentrations of glucose. Insulin secretion was analyzed by ELISA method. Expression of the L-type calcium channel protein (Cav1.2, Cacna1c) was determined both in the CLOCK-knockdown cells and the control cells. Calcium influx was probed by fluorescent. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) test and dual-luciferase reporter gene experiments were applied to verify the relationship between the CLOCK and Cav1.2. The CLOCK is abundantly expressed in rat pancreatic beta cells. Transcription level of the CLOCK showed rhythmicity in the beta cells. Compared to the control group, insulin release was significantly impaired with 25 mM glucose incubation in the CLOCK-knockdown group, but not showed with 2.5 mM glucose incubation. The expression of Cav1.2 and the influx of calcium were significantly decreased in the CLOCK-knockdown group with 25 mM glucose incubation. ChIP test indicted that the CLOCK bound to -444∼-454 region of the Cacna1c promoter of the INS-1 cells, but the binding was significantly reduced following the CLOCK-knockdown. Luciferase experiment was in accordance with the finding of ChIP. The CLOCK mediating Cav1.2 expression may point out a potential pathway of circadian rhythm affecting insulin secretion. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Linlin Tian, Xiaodong Li, Yi Ding, Minli Li, Yunzhao Tang, Daiqing Li. The CLOCK protein regulates insulin secretion related with L-type calcium channels in rat pancreatic beta cells. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2022 Jan 22;589:116-122

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PMID: 34906901

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