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With the advent of food additives centuries ago, the human race has found ways to improve and maintain the safety of utility, augment the taste, color, texture, nutritional value, and appearance of the food. Since the 19th century, when the science behind food spoilage was discerned, food additives in food preservation have been increasing worldwide and at a fast pace to get along with modern lifestyles. Although food additives are thought to be used to benefit the food market, some of them are found to be associated with several health issues at an alarming rate. Studies are still going on regarding the mechanisms by which food additives affect public health. Therefore, an attempt has been made to find out the remedies by exploiting technologies that may convey new properties of food additives that can only enhance the quality of food without having any systemic side effects. Thus, this review focuses on the applications of nanotechnology in the production of nano-food additives and evaluates its success regarding reduction in the health-related hazards by collaterally maintaining the food nutrient value. A thorough literature study was performed using scientific databases, like PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, and Web of Science, for determining the design of the study, and each article was checked for citation and referred to formulate the present review article. Nanotechnology can be applied in the food processing industry to control the unregulated use of food additives and intervene in the biochemical mechanisms at a cellular and physiological level for ensuring the safety of food products. The prospective of nano-additive of chemical origin could be useful to reduce risks of hazards related to human health that are caused majorly due to the invasion of food contaminants (either intentional or non-intentional) into food, though this area still needs scientific validation. Therefore, this review provides comprehensive knowledge on different facets of food contaminants and also serves as a platform of ideas for encountering health risk problems about the design of improved versions of nano-additives. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at


Sudatta Dey, Asmita Samadder, Sisir Nandi. Exploring Current Role of Nanotechnology Used in Food Processing Industry to Control Food Additives and their Biochemical Mechanisms. Current drug targets. 2022;23(5):513-539

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PMID: 34915833

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