Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is a Ca2+-permeable ion channel that acts as cellular sensor and is implicated in the tumor microenvironment cross talk. However, the functional role of TRPV1 in colorectal cancer (CRC) is still controversial. By using a TRPV1 gain-of-function model, we previously reported that hyperfunctional TRPV1 exacerbated experimental colitis by modulating mucosal immunity. Here, we found that TRPV1 gain-of-function significantly promoted tumor initiation and progression in colitis-associated cancer, as evidenced by the increase in the number and size of tumor. Systemic TRPV1 hyperactivation fostered a tumor permissive microenvironment through altering macrophage activation status and shifting the Th1/Th2 balance towards Th2 phenotype. Mechanistically, TRPV1 gain-of-function directly potentiated M1 cytokine production in macrophage and enhanced Th2 immune response by promoting Calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFATc2) signaling activation. In patients with CRC, TRPV1 expression was increased in tumor immune infiltrating cells. TRPV1 level was associated with CRC progression and could impact clinical outcome. Our study reveals an important role for TRPV1 in regulating the immune microenvironment during colorectal tumorigenesis. TRPV1 might be a potential target for CRC immunotherapy. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Xuehui Jiang, Chaohui Wang, Ziliang Ke, Lina Duo, Ting Wu, Weihong Wang, Yong Yang, Yun Dai. The ion channel TRPV1 gain-of-function reprograms the immune microenvironment to facilitate colorectal tumorigenesis. Cancer letters. 2022 Feb 28;527:95-106

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 34920021

View Full Text