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    Oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1) is both a DNA repair enzyme and an epigenetic modifier. We assessed behavioural abnormalities in OGG1-deficient progeny exposed once in utero to a low dose of ethanol (EtOH) and treated postnatally with a global histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA). The goal of this study was to determine if neurodevelopmental disorders initiated in the fetal brain by in utero exposure to EtOH could be mitigated by postnatal treatment with TSA. EtOH and TSA alone improved preference for novel location (short-term, 90 min) and novel object (long-term, 24 h) sex- and OGG1-dependently. Combined EtOH/TSA treatment reversed these effects in the short-term novel location test sex- and OGG1-dependently. In females but not males, the incidence of high shredders of nesting material was not altered by either TSA or EtOH alone, but was reduced by combined EtOH/TSA treatment in +/+ progeny. Similar but non-significant effects were observed in Ogg1 -/- females. Accelerated rotarod performance was enhanced by both EtOH and TSA alone in only male Ogg1 +/+ but not -/- progeny, and was not altered by combined EtOH/TSA exposure. The OGG1-dependent effects of EtOH and TSA particularly on novel location and the incidence of high shredders, and the reversal of EtOH effects on these parameters by combined EtOH/TSA treatment, suggests both xenobiotics may alter behaviour via a mechanism involving OGG1 acting as an epigenetic modifier, in addition to repairing DNA damage. These preliminary results suggest that the postnatal use of more selective epigenetic modifying agents may constitute a novel strategy for mitigating some components of ROS-initiated neurodevelopmental disorders. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Shama Bhatia, Yongran Yan, Mina Ly, Peter G Wells. Sex- and OGG1-dependent reversal of in utero ethanol-initiated changes in postnatal behaviour by neonatal treatment with the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) in oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (Ogg1) knockout mice. Toxicology letters. 2022 Mar 01;356:121-131

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    PMID: 34923047

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