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Streptococcus pneumoniae (the 'pneumococcus') is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, causing life-threatening diseases such as pneumonia, bacteraemia, and meningitis, with an annual death burden of over one million. Discovered over a century ago, pneumococcal serotype 1 (S1) is a significant cause of these life-threatening diseases. Our understanding of the epidemiology and biology of pneumococcal S1 has significantly improved over the past two decades, informing the development of preventative and surveillance strategies. However, many questions remain unanswered. Here, we review the current state of knowledge of pneumococcal S1, with a special emphasis on clinical epidemiology, genomics, and disease mechanisms. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Chrispin Chaguza, Marie Yang, Laura C Jacques, Stephen D Bentley, Aras Kadioglu. Serotype 1 pneumococcus: epidemiology, genomics, and disease mechanisms. Trends in microbiology. 2022 Jun;30(6):581-592

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PMID: 34949516

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