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The gene encoding the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) catalytic subunit-like protein PKAC1 from the Venezuelan TeAp-N/D1 strain of Trypanosoma equiperdum was cloned, and the recombinant TeqPKAC1 protein was overexpressed in bacteria. A major polypeptide with an apparent molecular mass of ∼38 kDa was detected by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and immunoblotting using antibodies against the human PKA catalytic subunit α. Unfortunately, most of the expressed TeqPKAC1 was highly insoluble. Polypeptides of 36-38 kDa and 45-50 kDa were predominantly seen by immunoblotting in the bacterial particulate and cytosolic fractions, respectively. Since the incorporation of either 4% Triton X-100 or 3% sarkosyl or a mixture of 10 mM MgCl2 and 1 mM ATP (MgATP) improved the solubilization of TeqPKAC1, we used a combination of Triton X-100, sarkosyl and MgATP to solubilize the recombinant protein. TeqPKAC1 was purified by first reconstituting a hybrid holoenzyme between the recombinant protein and a mammalian poly-His-tagged PKA regulatory subunit that was immobilized on a Ni2+-chelating affinity resin, and then by eluting TeqPKAC1 using cAMP. TeqPKAC1 was functional given that it was capable of phosphorylating PKA catalytic subunit substrates, such as kemptide (LRRASLG), histone type II-AS, and the peptide SP20 (TTYADFIASGRTGRRNSIHD), and was inhibited by the peptide IP20 (TTYADFIASGRTGRRNAIHD), which contains the inhibitory motif of the PKA-specific heat-stable inhibitor PKI-α. Optimal enzymatic activity was obtained at 37 °C and pH 8.0-9.0; and the order of effectiveness of nucleotide triphosphates and divalent cations was ATP » GTP ≅ ITP and Mg2+ ≅ Mn2+ ≅ Fe2+ » Ca2+ ≅ Zn2, respectively. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Alberto Guevara, Cristina Lugo, Alejandro J Montilla, Maritza Calabokis, Joilyneth Ferreira, Juan Carlos Martínez, José Bubis. Cloning, expression, solubilization, and purification of a functionally active recombinant cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit-like protein PKAC1 from Trypanosoma equiperdum. Protein expression and purification. 2022 Apr;192:106041

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PMID: 34953978

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