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    Propolis is an aromatic substance which is collected by bees and mixed with bee saliva. The plant sources of propolis are mainly consisted with plant exudates from bark, buds and etc. Flavonoids are secondary metabolites widely found in natural plants, which have a variety of health care functions and are the main active ingredients of propolis. This article summarized the types, active ingredients, pharmacological effects, extraction methods and applications of propolis flavonoids, the aim was to provide the theoretical basis for further research and development of propolis flavonoids. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Jing Cui, Xueqin Duan, Liting Ke, Xingxue Pan, Jia Liu, Xiaoping Song, Wuren Ma, Weimin Zhang, Yingqiu Liu, Yunpeng Fan. Extraction, purification, structural character and biological properties of propolis flavonoids: A review. Fitoterapia. 2022 Mar;157:105106

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    PMID: 34958852

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