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    In bone biology, epigenetics plays a key role in mesenchymal stem cells' (MSCs) commitment towards osteoblasts. It involves gene regulatory mechanisms governed by chromatin modulators. Predominant epigenetic mechanisms for efficient osteogenic differentiation include DNA methylation, histone modifications, and non-coding RNAs. Among these mechanisms, histone modifications critically contribute to altering chromatin configuration. Histone based epigenetic mechanisms are an essential mediator of gene expression during osteoblast differentiation as it directs the bivalency of the genome. Investigating the importance of histone modifications in osteogenesis may lead to the development of epigenetic-based remedies for genetic disorders of bone. Hence, in this review, we have highlighted the importance of epigenetic modifications such as post-translational modifications of histones, including methylation, acetylation, phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and their role in the activation or suppression of gene expression during osteoblast differentiation. Further, we have emphasized the future advancements in the field of epigenetics towards orthopaedical therapeutics. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    S Pranav Adithya, K Balagangadharan, N Selvamurugan. Epigenetic modifications of histones during osteoblast differentiation. Biochimica et biophysica acta. Gene regulatory mechanisms. 2022 Jan;1865(1):194780

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    PMID: 34968769

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