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    Although Macauba (Acrocomia aculeata) has been highlighted by its high-quality oil to fit edible and nonedible purposes, data addressing carbon and nitrogen metabolism underlying development and ripening of fruits remain scarce. In addition, accessions of Macauba exibit varied oil yield in fruits, including during the fruit development stages. Here, we monitored contents of carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids and lipids in the mesocarp and endosperm of Macauba fruits until ripening. We selected three accessions from different Brazilian regions (southeast, MG; northeast, PE; and central-west, MS) that differ in the mesocarp lipid content of ripe fruits. Despite the anatomical differences, mesocarp and endosperm exhibited similar trends of metabolite accumulation for most of the analyzed compounds. In the mesocarp, total soluble protein, free amino acids, sucrose, starch and total lipids accumulate towards ripening, while glucose and fructose declined in all accessions. Endosperm differed from mesocarp solely in the amino acid content, which decreased in ripe fruits. In the endosperm, accessions accumulated carbohydrates differently. Accession PE showed comparable fructose and starch contents in the endosperm between the beginning of fruit development and ripening, while in accessions MG and MS, both compounds decreased and increased, respectively, towards ripening. Accession MG was highlighted by its highest lipid content in the two tissues indicating its potential for energy and cosmetic industries. Our results provide novel insights into metabolic changes underlying development and ripening of Macauba fruits and variability in oil content among accessions, indicating new targets for breeding programs. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


    Ana Carolina Dos Santos Sá, Rebeca Patrícia Omena-Garcia, Greice Leal Pereira, Acácio Rodrigues-Salvador, Wagner L Araújo, Sérgio Yoshimitsu Motoike, Adriano Nunes-Nesi. Spatio-temporal characterization of the fruit metabolism in contrasting accessions of Macauba (Acrocomia aculeata). Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB. 2022 Jan 15;171:14-25

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    PMID: 34968988

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