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Rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) belongs to the pectin family and is found in many plant cell wall types at different growth stages. It plays a significant role in cell wall and plant biomechanics and shows a gelling ability in solution. However, it has a significantly more complicated structure than smooth homogalacturonan (HG) and its variability due to plant source and physiological state contributes to the fact that RG-I's structure and function is still not so well known. Since functionality is a product of structure, we present a comprehensive review concerning the chemical structure and conformation of RG-I, its functions in plants and properties in solutions. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.


Adrianna Kaczmarska, Piotr M Pieczywek, Justyna Cybulska, Artur Zdunek. Structure and functionality of Rhamnogalacturonan I in the cell wall and in solution: A review. Carbohydrate polymers. 2022 Feb 15;278:118909

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PMID: 34973730

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