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The etiology of hallux rigidus remains a controversial issue in foot and ankle surgery, i.e., the relationship between metatarsus primus elevatus (MPE) and hallux rigidus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate several radiographic parameters including first metatarsal elevation in patients with hallux rigidus compared to a matched control group. A retrospective case control study was performed including 50 feet, 25 feet with and 25 feet without hallux rigidus. In the patients with hallux rigidus, the first metatarsal was more elevated than in the control group (8.3 ± 1.7 mm vs 3.0 ± 2.0 mm, p < .001) and in 60% of patients with hallux rigidus MPE was diagnosed, compared to zero patients in the control group (p < .001). The lateral 1 to 2 intermetatarsal angle was higher in patients with hallux rigidus (3.6 ± 2.5 vs -0.7 ± 2.8; p < .001). The first metatarsal declination angle was not different between the 2 groups. Intraclass correlation coefficient between 2 observers for measuring the first metatarsal elevation was 0.929 (p < .001). In the current study, increased elevation of the first metatarsal, a higher incidence of MPE and increased lateral 1 to 2 intermetatarsal angle were found in patients with hallux rigidus compared to the control group. These findings support the theory of an association between MPE and hallux rigidus. Further high reliability of first metatarsal elevation measurement was found in our study.Copyright © 2021 the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Helen Anwander, Mohammad Alkhatatba, Till Lerch, Florian Schmaranzer, Fabian G Krause. Evaluation of Radiographic Features Including Metatarsus Primus Elevatus in Hallux Rigidus. The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. 2021 Dec 07

PMID: 34974984

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