Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • behavior (1)
  • butorphanol (8)
  • cheek (3)
  • cortisol (1)
  • diazepam (5)
  • h 20 (2)
  • hypnotics (2)
  • imidazoles (2)
  • locomotor activity (1)
  • pain after (1)
  • sedatives (2)
  • serum (1)
  • tooth (3)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    The objective of this study was to compare effects of butorphanol (BUT) or buprenorphine (BUP), in combination with detomidine and diazepam, on the sedation quality, surgical conditions, and postoperative pain control after cheek tooth extraction in horses, randomly allocated to 2 treatment groups (BUT: n = 20; BUP: n = 20). A bolus of detomidine (15 μg/kg, IV) was followed by either BUP (7.5 μg/kg, IV) or BUT (0.05 mg/kg, IV). After 20 min, diazepam (0.01 mg/kg, IV) was administered and sedation was maintained with a detomidine IV infusion (20 μg/kg/h), with rate adjusted based on scores to 5 variables. All horses received a nerve block (maxillary or mandibular), and gingival infiltration with mepivacaine. Sedation quality was assessed by the surgeon from 1 (excellent) to 10 (surgery not feasible). A pain scoring system (EQUUS-FAP) was used to assess postoperative pain. Serum cortisol concentrations and locomotor activity (pedometers) were measured. Horses in BUP and BUT required a median detomidine infusion rate of 30.2 μg/kg/h (20 to 74.4 μg/kg/h) and 32.2 μg/kg/h (20 to 48.1 μg/kg/h), respectively (P = 0.22). Horses in the BUP group had better sedation quality (P < 0.05) during surgery and higher step counts (P < 0.001) postoperatively. Buprenorphine combined with detomidine provided a more reliable sedation than butorphanol. However, the EQUUS-FAP pain scale became unreliable because of BUP-induced excitement behavior. Copyright and/or publishing rights held by the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association.


    Franziska R Haunhorst, Klaus Hopster, Marion Schmicke, Astrid Bienert-Zeit, Sabine Kästner. Clinical effect of buprenorphine or butorphanol, in combination with detomidine and diazepam, on sedation and postoperative pain after cheek tooth extraction in horses. The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne. 2022 Jan;63(1):39-46

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 34975166

    View Full Text