Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • cytokinesis (1)
  • exon (1)
  • meiosis (1)
  • oocyte (8)
  • oogenesis (4)
  • Orc4 (13)
  • polar body (10)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Origin recognition complex subunit 4 (ORC4) is a DNA-binding protein required for DNA replication. During oocyte maturation, after the last oocyte DNA replication step and before zygotic DNA replication, the oocyte undergoes two meiotic cell divisions in which half the DNA is ejected in much smaller polar bodies. We previously demonstrated that ORC4 forms a cytoplasmic cage around the DNA that is ejected in both polar body extrusion (PBE) events. Here, we used ZP3 activated Cre to delete exon 7 of Orc4 during oogenesis to test how it affected both predicted functions of ORC4: its recently discovered role in PBE and its well-known role in DNA synthesis. Orc4 deletion severely reduced PBE. Almost half of Orc4-depleted germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes cultured in vitro were arrested before anaphase I (48%), and only 25% produced normal first polar bodies. This supports the role of ORC4 in PBE and suggests that transcription of the full-length Orc4 during oogenesis is required for efficient PBE. Orc4 deletion also abolished zygotic DNA synthesis. Fewer Orc4-depleted oocytes developed to the metaphase II (MII) stage, and after activation these oocytes were arrested at the two-cell stage without undergoing DNA synthesis. This confirms that transcription of full-length Orc4 after the primary follicle stage is required for zygotic DNA replication. The data also suggest that MII oocytes do not have a replication licensing checkpoint as cytokinesis progressed without DNA synthesis. Together, the data confirm that oocyte ORC4 is important for both PBE and zygotic DNA synthesis. © The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Society for the Study of Reproduction. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:


    Hieu Nguyen, Hongwen Wu, Anna Ung, Yukiko Yamazaki, Ben Fogelgren, W Steven Ward. Deletion of Orc4 during oogenesis severely reduces polar body extrusion and blocks zygotic DNA replication†. Biology of reproduction. 2022 Apr 26;106(4):730-740

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 34977916

    View Full Text