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    Over the last 20 years, polysaccharide-based materials have garnered attention in the enhanced efficiency fertilizers (EEFs) research. Biodegradability, non-toxicity, water-solubility, swellability, and ease of chemical modification make these polymers suitable for agricultural applications. In this review, the polysaccharides-based EEFs advances are summarized over the polymer and co-materials selection, the methods, and the chemical/structure aspects necessary for an appropriate production. We also briefly discuss terminologies, nutrient release mechanisms, biodegradation, and future trends. The most used polysaccharides are chitosan, starch, and alginate, and the non-Fickian model most describes the release mechanism. It is dependent on the relaxation of polymer chains by the matrix swelling followed by the nutrient diffusion. EEFs-polymers-based should be designed as more packed and less porous structures to avoid the immediate contact of the fertilizer with the surrounding water, improving fertilizer retention. Furthermore, the preparation methods will determine the scale-up of the material. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Camila Gruber Chiaregato, Débora França, Lucas Luiz Messa, Tamires Dos Santos Pereira, Roselena Faez. A review of advances over 20 years on polysaccharide-based polymers applied as enhanced efficiency fertilizers. Carbohydrate polymers. 2022 Mar 01;279:119014

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    PMID: 34980357

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