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An HPLC method has been described in the European Pharmacopoeia and United States Pharmacopeia for the determination of nine organic impurities (imp A-I) in fingolimod hydrochloride, a synthetic sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor modulator. The manufacturing process of fingolimod hydrochloride consists of multistep chemical synthesis wherein controls of precursors, intermediates and process steps should be performed to assure the final quality of the drug substance. We synthesized and isolated eight process-related impurities (FINI imp A-H) of fingolimod, which were different from the pharmacopoeial impurities. One unknown process-related impurity was found as a key intermediate (FINI) and was identified by LC-MS. Characterization of all of the impurities were done using spectroscopic techniques (1 H and 13 C NMR, FTIR, MS), and the mechanistic pathways to the formation of these impurities were also discussed. Two of these impurities were evaluated as potential genotoxic impurities owing to their alerting structures and alkylating properties (alkyl sulfonates and alkyl halides, class 3, ICH M7). We also developed and validated an RP-UPLC method in line with ICH Q2 guidelines for control these impurities (FINI imp A-H) and to assure the pharmacopoeial quality drug substance. © 2022 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Esen Bellur Atici, Yücel Yazar, Nurten Rıdvanoğlu. Synthesis, characterization and control of eight process-related and two genotoxic fingolimod impurities by a validated RP-UPLC method. Biomedical chromatography : BMC. 2022 Apr;36(4):e5316

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PMID: 34981532

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