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    Dental follicle (DF) is made up of mesenchymal cells and fibers surrounding the enamel organ of a developing tooth. It has been shown that cystic and neoplastic lesions can develop from the pericoronal follicles of impacted third molars (ITMs). But the molecular transformation of DF tissues has not yet been uncovered and remains elusive. Accordingly, in the present study, we aimed to investigate the differential expression of lncRNA genes in DF tissues associated with asymptomatic impacted mandibular third molars (IMTMs) that do not show pathological pericoronal radiolucency in radiographic examination. A total of 30 patients with unilateral mesioangular IMTMs were enrolled for the study. The expressions of lncRNA genes were determined in the DF and healthy gingival tissues obtained from study patients. For the determination of lncRNA expression levels, RNA was isolated from the obtained tissues, converted to cDNA samples, and analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR method. As a result, we found that the gene expression of MEG3 was increased about 10-fold in DF tissues compared to healthy gingival tissues (p < 0.0001). In addition, NORAD expression was found to be upregulated 4.2-fold (p = 0.0002) in DF tissues. Also, expression level of MALAT1 was found to be decreased 1.24-fold (p = 0.584) and TP73-AS1 increased 2.6-fold (p = 0.093) in DF tissues compared to healthy gingival tissues. Consequently, present findings suggest that differentially expressed lncRNAs in DFs might be associated with the various levels of cellular events including osteogenic differentiation, DNA damage, and the transformation into odontogenic pathology. Expression levels of MEG3 and NORAD lncRNA molecules may guide clinicians in the evaluation of asymptomatic ITM dental follicles that cannot be determined radiologically and during extraction of these teeth for prophylactic purposes. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


    Bilal Ege, Mahmut Koparal, Muhammed Yusuf Kurt, Esra Bozgeyik. Investigation of the expression level of long non-coding RNAs in dental follicles of impacted mandibular third molars. Clinical oral investigations. 2022 Mar;26(3):2817-2825

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    PMID: 34988693

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