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    Aiming to broaden the base of knowledge about wild yeasts, four new indigenous strains were isolated from corn residues, and phylogenetic-tree assemblings on ITS and LSU regions indicated they belong to Meyerozyma caribbica. Yeasts were cultivated under full- and micro-aerobiosis, starting with low or high cell-density inoculum, in synthetic medium or corn hydrolysate containing glucose and/or xylose. Cells were able to assimilate both monosaccharides, albeit by different metabolic routes (fermentative or respiratory). They grew faster in glucose, with lag phases ~ 10 h shorter than in xylose. The hexose exhaustion occurred between 24 and 34 h, while xylose was entirely consumed in the last few hours of cultivation (44-48 h). In batch fermentation in synthetic medium with high cell density, under full-aerobiosis, 18-20 g glucose l-1 were exhausted in 4-6 h, with a production of 6.5-7.0 g ethanol l-1. In the xylose medium, cells needed > 12 h to consume the carbohydrate, and instead of ethanol, cells released 4.4-6.4 g l-1 xylitol. Under micro-aerobiosis, yeasts were unable to assimilate xylose, and glucose was more slowly consumed, although the ethanol yield was the theoretical maximum. When inoculated into the hydrolysate, cells needed 4-6 h to deplete glucose, and xylose had a maximum consumption of 57%. Considering that the hydrolysate contained ~ 3 g l-1 acetic acid, it probably has impaired sugar metabolism. Thus, this study increases the fund of knowledge regarding indigenous yeasts and reveals the biotechnological potential of these strains. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.


    Viviani Tadioto, Letícia M Milani, Évelyn T Barrilli, Cristina W Baptista, Letícia Bohn, Aline Dresch, Ricardo Harakava, Odinei Fogolari, Guilherme M Mibielli, João P Bender, Helen Treichel, Boris U Stambuk, Caroline Müller, Sérgio L Alves. Analysis of glucose and xylose metabolism in new indigenous Meyerozyma caribbica strains isolated from corn residues. World journal of microbiology & biotechnology. 2022 Jan 06;38(2):35

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    PMID: 34989919

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