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Sodium chlorate (NaClO3) is a common non-selective herbicide that is also used in paper and pulp mills and is produced as a by-product during drinking water disinfection by chlorine dioxide. Here, we report the effect of dietary antioxidant taurine on NaClO3-induced cytotoxicity in human red blood cells (RBC). RBC were treated with 5 mM NaClO3, either alone or in presence of 1, 2.5 and 5.0 mM taurine. Incubation of RBC with NaClO3 alone caused hemolysis, increased oxidation of lipids and proteins, methemogobin level and decreased total sulfhydryl and glutathione content. It lowered the activities of antioxidant enzymes thioredoxin reductase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase and glutathione reductase, while Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase activity was increased. The antioxidant capacity of RBC was impaired. This strongly suggests that NaClO3 causes the induction of oxidative stress condition in RBC. The specific activities of lactate dehydrogenase, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and plasma membrane bound enzymes, were also greatly altered. However, prior treatment of RBC with taurine conferred significant protection against NaClO3-induced oxidative damage and also improved the antioxidant defence system of cells. These results were supported by electron microscopy images of RBC. Treatment with NaClO3 alone converted the normal biconcave discoidal RBC to acanthocytes and echinocytes but this transformation was greatly prevented in the presence of taurine. Thus, taurine mitigates the cytotoxicity of NaClO3 in human RBC and can function as an effective chemoprotectant. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature.


Shaikh Nisar Ali, Amin Arif, Fariheen Aisha Ansari, Riaz Mahmood. Cytoprotective effect of taurine against sodium chlorate-induced oxidative damage in human red blood cells: an ex vivo study. Amino acids. 2022 Jan;54(1):33-46

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PMID: 34993628

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