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The purpose of this study was to compare 30-day readmission rates for cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients after tibia fracture fixation by retrospectively identifying all surgically managed tibial plateau, tibial shaft, and pilon fractures from 2010 through 2018 in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (N=14,028). The primary outcome measure was 30-day readmission rates. Secondary outcome measures included 30-day rates of reoperation, length of stay, pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis, and wound complications, including deep or superficial infection. Cirrhotic patients (n=665) and non-cirrhotic patients (n=13,363) were identified using the aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index test. Cirrhotic patients were more likely to have preoperative ascites, renal failure, bleeding disorders, and preoperative transfusions. No differences were reported between the two groups in readmission rate or any of the secondary outcome measures, except that cirrhotic patients' length of stay was longer by 0.5 day. Stratification of the cirrhotic cohort demonstrated that a Model for End-stage Liver Disease sodium (MELD-Na) score of 8 or greater was associated with a 4.1-fold increase in the rate of readmission (5.9% vs 1.5%; P<.01). No other differences were identified based on MELD-Na score stratification. Patients with advanced cirrhosis (MELD-Na score ≥8) have an increased risk of 30-day readmission after tibia fracture surgery. Cirrhosis associated with a lower MELD-Na score might not significantly increase the risk of 30-day complications in patients with tibia fractures. [Orthopedics. 2022;45(2):79-85.].


Christopher H Renninger, Todd Jaeblon, Gerard P Slobogean, Robert V O'Toole, Nathan N O'Hara. Patients With Cirrhosis Who Have a Model for End-stage Liver Disease Sodium Score of 8 or Greater Are at Increased Risk of Poor Outcomes in Operatively Treated Tibia Fractures. Orthopedics. 2022 Mar-Apr;45(2):79-85

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PMID: 35021031

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