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Studies of survivorship of primary total ankle replacements (TARs) beyond 5 years have shown varying results among early and modern designs. National cohorts give valuable insights about TAR outcomes, revision risk factors, and specific designs. The purpose of this study was to investigate implant survivorship and risk factors for revision of contemporary TARs using our national database. This observational study included patients identified in the national PMSI (Programme médicalisé des systèmes d'information) database as having undergone TAR from 2010 to 2019. Demographics, discharge data, concomitant procedures, and type of implant were extracted. Kaplan-Meier estimations were performed to determine time to revision using metal component revision for implant failure and revision for deep infection as end points. Weighted Cox models were used for risk factor analysis, including risks of early revision (within the first 2 years). The adjusted hazard ratios (HRadj) were reported with 95% confidence intervals. A cohort of 4,748 patients was extracted. The mean age at surgery was 63 years; 43% of the patients were female. The mean follow-up was 5 years (range, 1 to 10 years). Revisions were noted in 817 cases (17%), including 734 with metal component revision and 83 with revision due to deep infection. The 1-year, 2-year, 5-year, and 10-year survivorship free of metal component revision was 95%, 90%, 84%, and 78%, respectively. Younger age, implants derived from second-generation designs, and an institutional volume of ≤10 TARs per year were found to be independent predictors of revision for any cause. In addition to the above factors (except for implant generation), male sex and concomitant osteotomies and/or fusion were found to be significant predictors for any early revision. The 10-year survivorship free of metal component revision after TAR was 78%, which was consistent with other national registries. Revisions were associated with young age, associated arthritis or deformities requiring concomitant fusion or osteotomy, and implants derived from second-generation designs. Institutions where >10 procedures were performed per year were associated with better TAR survivorship. Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Copyright © 2022 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.


Louis Dagneaux, Erika Nogue, Julie Mathieu, David Demoulin, François Canovas, Nicolas Molinari. Survivorship of 4,748 Contemporary Total Ankle Replacements from the French Discharge Records Database. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume. 2022 Apr 20;104(8):684-692

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PMID: 35030113

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