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The most essential principle in managing facial nerve (FN) injury is proper diagnosis and early treatment. This study evaluated local application of different concentrations and injection intervals of Cerebrolysin hydrogel (CBLH) for facial nerve axotomy (FNA) treatment. We hypothesized that local application of CBLH may provide a sustained release of Cerebrolysin and enhance neural regeneration. The authors implemented a randomized, controlled, blinded animal study. The sample was composed of the right FN. Functionally, eye-blink reflex was evaluated 2 and 4 weeks postoperatively. All rats were euthanized after 4 weeks, and nerve regeneration was evaluated histopathologically and immunohistochemically (IHC) with antibody against neurofilament (anti-NF) and S100 proteins. Descriptive and correlation statistics were computed, and the P value was set at .05. The sample was composed of 72 adult male rats equally allocated into 8 groups. Groups I and V served as control groups and were injected with phosphate buffered saline once and four times, respectively. Rest of the groups were injected with 5%, 10%, and 15% CBLH once in groups II, III, IV and weekly in groups VI, VII, and VIII. CBLH showed statistically significant FN regeneration by enhancing Schwann and axonal growth compared to control group especially with single injection of 10%, 15%, and 5% 4-time injections, where the P value was less than .001. Significant improvement of eye-blink reflex was correlated with structural improvement associated with CBLH. Finally, CBLH enhanced nerve regeneration and rehabilitation after FNA in rats. Therefore, it could be considered as an alternative treatment of FNA. More experimental and clinical trials should be considered to detect the effectiveness of CBLH in neural regeneration. Copyright © 2021 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Mai Ahmed Haggag, Amgad El-Said Salem, Amira M Elsherbini. Sustained Release In Situ Thermogelling Hydrogel of Cerebrolysin for Treatment of Facial Nerve Axotomy in Rats. Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. 2022 May;80(5):949-959

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PMID: 35041809

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