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Objective. Several lumped and distributed parameter models of the inner ear have been proposed to improve vestibular implant stimulation. The models should account for all significant physical phenomena that influence the current propagation, such as the electrical double layer (EDL) and medium polarization. The electrical properties of the medium are reflected in the electrical impedance; therefore, the study aimed to measure the impedance in the guinea pig inner ear and construct its equivalent circuit.Approach. The electrical impedance was measured from 100 Hz to 50 kHz between a pair of platinum electrodes immersed in 0.9% NaCl saline solution using sinusoidal voltage signals. The Randles circuit was fitted to the measured impedance in the saline solution in order to estimate the EDL parameters (C,W,andRct) of the electrode interface in saline. Then, the electrical impedance was measured between all combinations of the electrodes located in the semicircular canal ampullae and the vestibular nerve in the guinea pigin vitro. The extended Randles circuit considering the medium polarization (Ri,Re,Cm) together with EDL parameters (C,Rct) obtained from the saline solution was fitted to the measured impedance of the guinea pig inner ear. The Warburg element was assumed negligible and was not considered in the guinea pig model.Main results. For the set-up used, the obtained EDL parameters were:C=27.09*10-8F,Rct=18.75kΩ.The average values of intra-, extracellular resistances, and membrane capacitance wereRi=4.74kΩ,Re=45.05kΩ,Cm=9.69*10-8F,respectively.Significance. The obtained values of the model parameters can serve as a good estimation of the EDL for modelling work. The EDL, together with medium polarization, plays a significant role in the electrical impedance of the guinea pig inner ear, therefore, they should be considered in electrical conductivity models to increase the credibility of the simulations. Creative Commons Attribution license.


M O Pleshkov, S D'Alessandro, M V Svetlik, D N Starkov, V A Zaitsev, M Handler, D Baumgarten, R Saba, R van de Berg, V P Demkin, H Kingma. Fitting the determined impedance in the guinea pig inner ear to Randles circuit using square error minimization in the range of 100 Hz to 50 kHz. Biomedical physics & engineering express. 2022 Jan 28;8(2)

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PMID: 35042198

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