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Introduction: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) comprise 85% of the total lymphomas diagnosed, with the histological type of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) being the most prevalent in adults. In about 40% of cases, the location is extranodal. Uterine cervix lymphomas of this type are extremely rare (0.5-1.5%) and represent a diagnostic challenge. A case of DLBCL of the cervix is presented here along with a review of the literature. Materials and methods: A 75-year-old patient was referred with a bleeding vegetant tumour occupying her entire vagina. The histological and pathological investigations performed following the tumour biopsy indicated a malignant, diffuse, vaguely nodular lymphoid tumour proliferation. The immunohistochemistry results were in favour of a diffuse B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (DLBCL). CHOP (Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin (also called doxorubicin or adriamycin), Oncovin (vincristine), Prednisone or Prednisolone) polychemotherapy and radiotherapy were effective and resulted in tumour regression (from 3.4 cm to tumour disappearance, with the cervix returning to normal size). Conclusions: The uterine cervix lymphoma prognosis is more conservative than that for a nodal lymphoma, mainly due to a later diagnosis determined via immunohistochemistry. Chemotherapy is the main treatment.


Cristina Capsa, Laura Aifer Calustian, Sabina Antonela Antoniu, Eugen Bratucu, Laurentiu Simion, Virgiliu-Mihail Prunoiu. Primary Non-Hodgkin Uterine Lymphoma of the Cervix: A Literature Review. Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania). 2022 Jan 10;58(1)

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PMID: 35056415

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